Gen X marriages: Divorce is out, monogamy’s in


That’s the latest news from the land of Gen X
parenthood. Apparently, these children of the divorce boom of the 1970s
would rather put chocolate syrup in the baby bottles than put the
children through a family break-up.

The number of divorces has been in decline since it
peaked in 1980, and that is particularly true of highly educated
couples, only 11 percent of whom divorce during their first 10 years of
marriage, according to a study by the National Marriage Project at the
University of Virginia. That compares to 37 percent of the rest of the

Either this generation of college-educated moms and
dads has it figured out — “peer” marriages where both parents are in the
yoke and duties are shared — or they have seen the headlines that warn
of poor outcomes for children of single parents. And this cohort of
parents wants only the best outcomes for their children.

In any case, it is easier to put the kids first if
you remember too well the pain and confusion of your own parents’
divorce. Even if the break-up is civilized, the disruption is tough on

This is a different spin on “staying together for the
sake of the kids,” and it is a worthy goal. But how do you make it to
the finish line? What happens when the magic ends?

Author Iris Krasnow, who has been chronicling the
angst of Boomers since she wrote “Surrendering to Motherhood” in 1997,
has just completed a new book, “The Secret Lives of Wives: Women Share
What it Really Takes to Stay Married.” It is due out in October.

She spent two years interviewing 200 couples who had been married from 15 to 70 years to find out what makes marriage last.

“The happiest marriages are the ones where both
partners have their own life, their own income, their own interests,”
she said during an interview in her Annapolis, Md., kitchen.

“The unhappiest marriages are the ones where someone is swallowed by the other.”

Ms. Krasnow, who has been married for 23 years and is
raising four boys, admitted that there are marriages that “need to
end.” A love child with the household help, regular visits to
prostitutes, sending sexy cell phone pictures of yourself to women you
meet on Facebook. These might be good reasons to divorce. Boredom is

“Ask yourself, ‘Am I happy?’ The answer is going to
be ‘Not all the time.’ But you are in a relationship that is better for
your health, better for you economically, and you are creating a
tapestry, a history, that you will be passing on to your kids,” said Ms.

Understand that no one else can make you happy, Ms. Krasnow said. Only you can do that.

“If we all left our marriages when they became unromantic, none of us would be married. The renewal has to spring from within.”

If this generation is expecting to stay married, they
have their work cut out for them. They need to start, Ms. Krasnow said,
by lowering their expectations. “The march down the aisle is not a
march to happiness.”

What else did she learn from peering into the marriages of so many couples?

“A secret is different than a lie, and secrets can be
healthy. Keep a little part of yourself to yourself. Something that is a

“If you are bored it is because you are expecting
someone else to entertain you. Stay engaged with what you love and with
people outside your marriage. Have friendships with both sexes.

“Realize there is no gold standard for marriage. I saw all kinds that work.

“Nobody is perfect, and that includes you. So you may
as well work your damnedest to keep something going that is good for

It isn’t clear whether this fresh determination to
stay married is the predictable swing of the social pendulum, a case of
generational rebellion, or whether this crop of parents has learned from
all the mistakes their parents made.

Happy? Successful? These are adjectives that might
describe a dinner party, but they don’t make much sense when you use
them to characterize a marriage — an institution where change is the
only constant. And at some point, the marriage takes on a life of its

“You can leave each other,” Ms. Krasnow said. “But
once you have children, you can’t leave the marriage. Love it or loathe
it, it becomes bigger than you.”


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